Travelling to the Czech Republic
Train and coach
There are several ways to get to the Czech Republic. If travelling by train, check these websites of Czech railway companies: www.cd.cz/en and www.regiojet.cz. If you decide to travel by coach, you can have a look at: www.studentagency.eu or www.elines.cz/en
If you decide to travel by car, you should keep in mind the driving rules in the Czech Republic.
- zero alcohol tolerance
- no use of mobile phones and other communication devices while driving
- mandatory use of seat belts
- mandatory use of headlights at all times
- mandatory use of helmets by cyclists and motorcyclists
Speed limits: In-town speed limit: 50 km/h, Roads: 90 km/h, Motorways: 130 km/h
You can check the validity of your driving licence here: www.mvcr.cz
Always carry your driving license, ID, and vehicle registration documents with you in your car as you may be fined if you do not. You must purchase a pass to be able to use Czech motorways. You can buy one-year, one-month, or ten-day passes, which are all available at border crossings, post offices, and petrol stations. Rented cars automatically come with the pass in the window. To rent a car, you usually must be at least 21 and have held your license for one year.
If you are planning to travel by plane, you will likely arrive at the international Václav Havel Airport Prague (PRG) or Vienna Airport (Austria, VIE). Low cost companies also fly to Brno and Ostrava or Bratislava (Slovakia). For more, see their respective websites.
Getting from the Prague airport to Olomouc
Travelling from Prague to Olomouc by train is the most comfortable way and that is why we suggest you go for this option. The Prague Public Transport Company offers a special airport bus providing direct connection between the airport and the Main Railway Station (www.dpp.cz/en/bus-ae-airport-express).
Bus No. 119 runs every 10 minutes from 4:30 to 23:30 between the airport and Nádraží Veleslavín metro station. You need to purchase a 32 CZK ticket at a newspaper stand or from the yellow ticket machines at the bus stop. This ticket is valid within the whole city network for 75 minutes (90 minutes on the weekend and at night from 8pm to 5am). Change at Nádraží Veleslavín station to metro line A, go to Muzeum station, and change to metro line C and get off at Hlavní Nádraží (Main Railway Station, abbrev. Praha Hl. n.). (www.dpp.cz/en/daytime-operation/)
You could take a taxi, but the airport tends to have the highest charging taxis; please be aware that Prague taxi-drivers are notorious for overcharging foreigners. If you still prefer to go by taxi, we suggest calling City Taxi (+420 257 257 257).
Getting from the Vienna airport to Olomouc
The most comfortable way to get from the Vienna airport to Olomouc is to use private transport companies which offer multiple times-a-day express connection direct from the airport.
Travelling from Prague to Olomouc
At the Main Railway Station you need to buy a ticket to Olomouc. The best thing is to find the ČD Centrum (Czech Railways Information Office), where the staff speak English. A single ticket from Prague to Olomouc is around 250 CZK. You can decide if you want to travel with Czech Railways or with private companies such as Regiojet (www.regiojet.cz) or Leo express (www.le.cz). The trip to Olomouc takes 2.5-3 hours, depending on the type of train that you take.
Travelling in the Czech Republic – Public Transport Information System (IDOS)
If you want to check the available trains, coaches, buses and trams at the same place, use the Internet Timetable Information System, or IDOS. The system provides time tables of all forms of public transport, from international connections to Olomouc trams. It is also available in English and German. www.idos.cz
Transport in Olomouc
The main railway station in Olomouc (Hlavní nádraží, Hl. n.) is a public transport hub. If you plan to travel by train more frequently, we suggest getting a special railway discount card, for example the In-karta. Ask for more information at the railway station. Other railway operators offer discounts as well; check their websites www.regiojet.cz and www.le.cz.
Public Transport in Olomouc
Olomouc has a dense public transport network of tram and bus lines. The major operator is Dopravní podnik města Olomouce (Olomouc Public Transport Company, DPMO). For information about connections, tickets, fares, etc., please see their website: www.dpmo.cz.
Departure times are also available at www.idos.cz.
Buses and Coaches
The main coach station in Olomouc is not too far from the main railway station (the stop Autobusové Nádraží Podchod of tram no. 4, the second stop after the main railway station in the direction of Pavlovičky). Although the majority of long-distance (inter)national lines stop at the main coach station, be aware that, for example, the Student Agency coaches stop close to the main railway station, so plan your trip carefully. Regional buses in Olomouc have their stops either in front of the main railway station or at Tržnice, which is closer to the city centre and has a small bus station, too. The free shuttle bus no. 60 to the Olympia Shopping Mall also stops at Tržnice and the main railway station.
You need a valid ticket to use the public transport. You either need to buy a ticket from a ticket machine or other vendor or purchase one from the driver. You will also need to validate the ticket once inside the vehicle. The tickets are the same for both trams and buses. The fares are as follows:
- 14 CZK single ticket (Valid within all parts of Olomouc for 40 minutes (60 mins at the weekend)).
- 23 CZK discounted 24hrs ticket, 46 CZK full price 24hrs ticket.
The discounted ticket is for students up to 26 and are valid only if you have your ISIC card with you!
- 175 CZK/350 CZK student/adult monthly pass
The monthly pass is valid for 30 days from the day of purchase.
- 450 CZK/900 CZK student/adult 3-month pass
The 3-month pass is valid for three months from the day of purchase.
Where to buy the single/daily tickets?
- the yellow self-service ticket machines installed at the stops
- from the driver, which is a little bit more expensive (20 CZK for a single ticket) and you need to have the exact change
- by SMS to 90206 with ‘DPMO’ typed in the message
- at newspaper stands, selected shops or supermarkets
- at tourist centres
With your valid ticket you can ride any combination of buses and trams to complete your trip. Buses and trams run, on average, from 4:30 a.m. to 11:30 p.m., depending on the particular line. Night transportation is covered by buses no. 50, 51 and 52, which run in three different circuits around the city, or about once every hour.
Taxis are usually waiting in front of the main station and at the “bar district” in the city centre. For a complete list of taxi companies, see www.tourism.olomouc.eu.